Antibiotics are drugs that are designed to eliminate pathogenic microflora in the body. Such means are used not only to treat people, but also animals and even birds. For example, drugs of this group are often used by homeowners involved in the cultivation of chickens. Antibiotics for such a bird can be prescribed for a variety of infectious diseases.
Advantages and disadvantages
Antibiotics are by far the most effective drugs used in all kinds of infectious diseases. It is these medicines that usually help farmyard owners keep their chickens safe during epidemics. Inexperienced farmers sometimes ask in specialized forums whether antibiotics can be given to chickens. The answer to this question, of course, is only positive. Treating chickens with antibiotics is not only possible, but also necessary.
Such drugs are much more effective than most other drugs used for infectious diseases. However, their side effects, unfortunately, can be quite serious.
When treating chickens with antibiotics, all the prescribed dosages should be strictly observed first. Otherwise, not only pathogenic, but also beneficial microflora will die in the body of the bird. In addition, with uncontrolled intake in hens, a certain group of antibiotics becomes addictive.
What antibiotics can be given to chickens without fear
Currently, the pharmaceutical industry produces many types of such drugs. For the treatment of chickens, for example, antibiotics of the following groups can be used:
In addition, complex antibiotics based on Tilosin are often used to treat chickens. Sometimes used in epidemics on farms and "Furacilin".
The most common diseases of chickens
Most often, the owners of farmsteads involved in the cultivation of such an agricultural poultry are faced with the following types of infectious pathologies:
bloody diarrhea, or coccidiosis;
bird cholera - pasteurellosis;
typhoid - pullorosis;
Sometimes hormones and antibiotics are given to hens not for treatment, but for increasing productivity in terms of weight gain. This method is practiced today by many poultry farms. However, in private households, antibiotics are, of course, practically never used for this purpose. Indeed, in this case, the owners of farmsteads grow meat for themselves and try to make it so that it is of the highest quality and safe for health.
The use of tetracycline antibiotics
It is these drugs that are used to treat chickens from infectious diseases most often. These agents are mostly bitter, poorly soluble in water substances, characterized by strong antimicrobial activity. Most often, the following tetracycline drugs are used to treat chickens:
"Biovit-80" is a brown powder. This antibiotic can be used for chickens with coccidiosis, pasteurellosis, mycoplasmosis, colibacteriosis. It is given to a bird with permixes or food in a dosage of 0.63 g per kilogram of live weight (9 g per 1 kg of feed). During treatment, such an amount of medicine is fed to chickens twice a day. The course in this case in most cases lasts 8 days.
Terravetin is one of the few tetracyclines that dissolves well in water. It is supplied to the market in the form of a powder mixed with powdered sugar to mask the bitter taste. This medicine is given to chickens, for example, with infectious bronchitis. Dosages of this medicine are 40-100 mg / kg with an interval of 12 hours. The course of treatment in this case usually lasts 5-7 days. Since the product is highly soluble in water, it is recommended to give it with a drink.
Mepatar is also supplied to the market with powdered sugar. There is no aversion in the treatment of chickens for this medicine. This medicine is also used mainly for young chickens with infectious bronchitis. Give it to a bird with water in an amount of 2 g / dm 3 last. The course of treatment with this tool is equal in most cases to 5 days.
"Doxycycline" give chickens with water in an amount of 250 mg / l for 5 days with respiratory infections of infectious bronchitis. Sometimes this tool is used as a prophylactic. In this case, the bird is soldered in half the dose.
Testimonials of farmers on tetracycline preparations
Such funds help, according to the owners of household plots, chickens with various infectious diseases are actually very good. Of course, sometimes it is not possible to preserve the livestock completely with such serious pathologies. Nevertheless, most of the birds recover using tetracycline drugs. Treatment of chickens with antibiotics of this series is often effective.
In particular, farmers praise the Biovit-80 drug belonging to this group of antibiotics. This medicine not only contributes to the recovery of the bird, but also increases its productivity. Chickens taking this drug carry smooth large eggs with a quality shell.
To the unconditional advantages of tetracycline funds, farmers also include the fact that they can be used specifically for laying hens. Antibiotics of this group do not accumulate in eggs in too large quantities.
Such drugs are often used both for the treatment of infectious diseases of chickens, and for their prevention. For example, fluoroquinolones such as:
can be used by owners of farmsteads. Oflosan.
Oflosan is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. This tool is just the perfect answer to the question of what antibiotic to give to chickens in the case when the nature of the infectious disease is not exactly known. It can be used, for example, with colibacteriosis, urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal tract, salmonellosis.
Apply this antibiotic to chickens once a day. In this case, chickens are given 50 ml per 100 l of water. The bird is fed with such a solution during the day, after which a new remedy is prepared. The course of treatment with this drug is usually 3-5 days.
"Enroflon" is used for chickens with respiratory diseases, joint pathologies and gastrointestinal tract. This medicine is given to a bird with water. Dosages of it are usually 0.5 ml / l during the day. The drug is strong enough. Therefore, they are advised to stop treatment for 11 days to slaughter chickens (for most other antibiotics, this period is 6-7 days).
Reviews on fluoroquinolones
Owners of poultry farms also consider such drugs quite effective. Oflosan, for example, according to farmers, helps chickens of various kinds of infectious diseases very well. However, experienced owners of farmsteads recommend using this medicine only for broilers and chicken of meat breeds. This antibiotic is not recommended for laying hens. Oflosan is capable of, among other things, accumulating in eggs. When preparing any dishes from them, people will also receive a large dose of the medicine.
Oflosan farmers are not advised to combine with the treatment of chickens with most other types of antibiotics, including tetracycline and levomecitins. Such drugs interfere with the absorption of the active substance of this drug.
The use of sulfonamides
Sometimes, such drugs can also be used to treat chickens in poultry farms during outbreaks of infectious diseases. Most often, on the farms, sulfonamides are used:
One of the peculiarities of the drugs of this variety is that on the first day the chickens are given a shock dose that exceeds twice the usual dose. Usually this is 1g / dm 3 of water. The course of treatment with these agents in most cases is 3-5 days.
"Eriprim BT" can be used in poultry farms, for example, with bronchitis, colibacteriosis, pneumonia. This product is a white powder, packed in plastic bags.
Tromexin is used in farmsteads and poultry farms mainly for the prevention of various kinds of infectious diseases of chickens. Young animals in this case are given standard 0.5 g / dm 3 of the drug during the day. The course is 3-5 days.
Farmers reviews on sulfonamides
Such tools work, according to the owners of farmsteads, also quite well. In particular, poultry farm owners recommend their prophylactic use for small chickens. With their use, judging by the reviews, it is possible to reduce the death rate of young animals significantly.
The use of chloramphenicol
Of this group, chickens are most often given the “Levomycetin” itself. This affordable medicine is considered one of the most effective in the treatment of infectious diseases of birds. "Levomycetin" is a good answer to the question of, for example, which antibiotic should be given to chickens for influenza, salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, tracheitis, etc.
In veterinary medicine, this drug is used mainly in powder form. At the same time, hens are given with infectious diseases three times a day with food. The recommended dosage of this product is 30 g per kilogram of chicken weight. With water, this medicine is not recommended for the bird. The taste is very bitter. And chickens simply refuse to drink such water.
Reviews about "Levomycetin"
Opinion about this drug from the owners of farmsteads has developed very good. In particular, farmers recommend the use of Levomycetin for intestinal infections. Also very good, this tool, judging by the reviews, helps with pasteurellosis.
In addition to treatment, many poultry farmers advise giving this medicine to chickens for prevention from the very first days of life. Dosages of the drug in this case, experienced poultry farmers recommend using 5-10 mg per liter of water.
Preparations based on "Tilosin"
Of this group of antibiotics for chickens, the most commonly used are:
Such drugs are usually used against respiratory pathogens. In most cases, they mix their birds with feed or water.
Most often, the drug Tilosin 50 is used to treat chickens from this group. Give it to a bird with water in an amount of 0.5 g per liter. For 1000 chickens, about 35 g of the drug is usually used.
Reviews on the drug "Tilosin 50"
Use this tool owners of farmsteads for chickens are advised with caution. It helps, judging by the reviews, with infectious diseases is pretty good. However, this drug, unfortunately, can cause quite unpleasant side effects. If the use technology is not observed, from "Tilosin 50" in chickens, for example, severe diarrhea can begin.
The use of "Furacilin"
This drug can be used to treat or prevent, for example, chicken diseases such as colibacillosis, salmonellosis, microplasmosis, coccidiosis. Very often this remedy is used with a common cold in a bird.
Apply "Furacilin" to treat chickens most often in solution. Use this tool, however, experienced farmers recommend only as directed by the veterinarian and in the dosages indicated by them. The fact is that this drug is very toxic for poultry.
Instead of a conclusion
Now you know if chickens can have antibiotics. The answer to this question is obvious. It is certainly worth giving such medications to birds with various kinds of infectious diseases. The remedies of this species help the chickens really effectively.
However, the use of this type of medicine, of course, should be done correctly. Chickens after antibiotics, for example, may begin to vomit. At too large dosages, the beneficial microflora is killed in the intestines of the bird. And in order to restore it, chickens will have to additionally give special medications.